Child Mortality in Ethiopia

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In Ethiopia the “Under 5 Mortality Rate has gone down by 25.9 percent from 166/1000 deaths (2000) to 123 (2005). Currently the Governments’’ target is to reduce the …Under 5 Mortality Rate to 85 per 1000 live births.” [1]

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From USAID Blog

The Ethiopian Government has many hurdles to overcome. One area that they have been successful is in the reduction of the rate of child mortality under the age of 5. The Committing to Child Survival Report (2012) states that Ethiopia was one of the nine low-income countries that reduced the under 5-mortality rate by 60%.[2] I believe that this success is due to the Health Ministries’ endorsement of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses developed by the Government in 1997.[3] This includes training and empowering village members and caretakers to standardize and institutionalize “village” health care delivery. One of the three Priority actions supported by UNICEF is the use of Global Communication and Social Mobilization “of small-scale innovations that demon­strate strong potential for large-scale results.” Harnessing the power of mobile technology, civil society, and citizens, es­pecially women and young people, to participate in the health and wellbeing of their villages empowers individuals and communities to have a meaningful role in solving some of the worst health issues in their own country.

 

From Mom Bloggers for Social Good, Produced by UINCEF and Committing to Child Survival

From Mom Bloggers for Social Good, Produced by UINCEF and Committing to Child Survival

1. WHO 2007 Report: http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Progress_for_Children_No_6_revised.pdf

2. UNICEF 2012 Report: http://www.unicef.org/videoaudio/PDFs/APR_Progress_Report_2012_final.pdf

3. Ethiopia Ministry of Health Web-page: http://www.moh.gov.et/English/Pages/index.aspx

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One Response to “Child Mortality in Ethiopia”

  1. eokpeva Says:

    The death of a child, especially through preventable causes is a painful occurrence anywhere in the world. It is refreshing to see the “not so rich” African countries using available resources and linkages to improve health care and health practices that save lives.

    Like the author, i believe that “harnessing” inherent resources (men, women; citizens) and integrating with existing/available capital (mobile technology, civil society groups) in provision of change is an effective practice. To be able to effect change, there must be an awareness of the status quo. Seemingly richer African countries have failed to see that there is indeed a huge problem with the current rates of under-five mortality, case in point, Nigeria. Nigeria is an oil rich country, with superb linkages and yet unable to convert these to improve the health care and her health indices of her people. As a Nigerian, and also having experienced firsthand the results that are achievable with dedication to the implementation of the IMCIs, MDGs and the child survival strategies, it is painful that the big Governments which should have been more effective in implementing these programs are either laid back or unable to provide effective management.

    Ethiopia has taken a step in the right direction both for humane and statistical reasons. It is possible that with mastering this first successful step, other health indices that translate to well being will be managed.

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